Hot Jazz in a Veterans Club Basement in Harlem

On a Sunday afternoon in February, the staccato chords and rousing bass lines of a Hammond B-3 organ shook the walls of American Legion Post 398 in Harlem.

Ba-ba-doo-dee-dee-deep. Bum-ba-ba-ba-bummm.

Hundreds of people had crammed into the humble basement bar to pay tribute to the organ’s owner, the musician Seleno Clarke, who had died in December at 87.

Some said prayers. Some read poems. But mostly they played jazz.

From 3 in the afternoon until 11 p.m., dozens of organists, saxophonists, guitarists, drummers and singers rotated onto the modest stage. They played with verve and abandon, as the crowd hooted and clapped and cried out, “Seleno!”

It might have been a strange sight for an American Legion post. The veterans service organization has struggled to keep up membership nationwide, but Post 398’s reputation as one of the last authentic jazz venues in Harlem has kept its seats full and the atmosphere popping. Every Sunday night for nearly two decades, an unlikely mix of aging veterans, tourists and musicians from around the world have come to enjoy cheap drinks, Southern-style home cooking and jazz.


A photograph of Mr. Clarke, left, hangs on the wall of American Legion Post 398 in Harlem, where the band he formed still plays.

Anthony Geathers for The New York Times

Legion members say Mr. Clarke’s death left an irreplaceable gap in their close-knit community. Today, the organist can still be spotted smiling, always wearing a suit, in many of the photos lining Post 398’s yellow and blue walls. But Mr. Clarke’s former bandmates, on a mission to uphold his legacy, are tightening their sound, broadening their repertory and playing with more enthusiasm than ever.

“Seleno brought people together with his music,” said David Lee Jones, 59, a veteran alto saxophonist who played with Mr. Clarke for 27 years and who now fills his old mentor’s shoes as bandleader. “We want to keep that going. We want to keep jazz going here in Harlem.”

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Veterans Affairs Shake-Up Stirs New Fears of Privatized Care

He said that a middle path that he had tried to pursue — investing in the department’s own health care system while offering veterans more, though not unfettered, access to private doctors — had been rejected by Trump administration officials interested in rewarding private individuals and companies with a windfall in government money.

“They saw me as an obstacle to privatization who had to be removed,” he wrote in one of the most forceful statements offered yet by a fired Trump administration official.

Senior White House officials offered a different rationale for his firing that was based more on a damaging report about Dr. Shulkin’s use of government funds on a trip to Europe released last month than on a dispute over policy.

Lindsey Walters, a deputy White House press secretary, told reporters aboard Air Force One on Thursday that the nomination of Dr. Jackson should not be interpreted as a signal that Mr. Trump wants to privatize veterans’ health care.

But Mr. Trump seemed to renew those concerns just a short time later, promising in a speech in Ohio that he was going to ensure that veterans “have choice,” harkening back to a campaign promise to enact something like the Koch-backed plan.

The speculation on Thursday about a possible policy shift was mostly fed by the lack of information about Dr. Jackson, whose only prominent public statements have been about Mr. Trump’s health.

Veterans advocates are especially concerned that Dr. Jackson, a rear admiral in the Navy who has no real management or political experience in a large bureaucracy, will be pushed around or, worse, simply co-opted by officials in the administration set on drastically expanding private care.

“We don’t know what his agenda is. We don’t know what his views are,” said Verna L. Jones, the executive director of the American Legion. “No one has had an opportunity to talk to him.”

“Of course we are nervous,” she added.

Leaders of the older, congressionally chartered veterans groups like the Legion are not categorically opposed to easing restrictions on private care, particularly in cases where veterans are facing long wait times and subpar facilities. About 30 percent of veterans’ appointments are currently made with private health providers for those reasons.

But the groups prefer tweaking programs already in place while at the same time addressing the problems that made private care necessary.

John Hoellwarth, the communications director for Amvets, said he thought the first response of most veterans groups to Dr. Jackson was to search for him online.

Dr. Shulkin said that he had been friendly with Dr. Jackson for several years — both men also served in the Obama administration — and encouraged him to go through the interview process to lead the department’s health system this year. Still, he said that he thought concerns about Dr. Jackson’s résumé were justified.

“There is no question about it, but I can’t imagine any job that prepares you for this type of job,” Dr. Shulkin said.

By most accounts, Dr. Shulkin’s rapid fall began as he increasingly butted heads with other Trump administration official over how to approach the expansion of private care. The officials — who included the department’s press secretary and assistant secretary for communications — came to consider Dr. Shulkin as an obstacle and repeatedly tried to have him removed.

Many of those officials, several of whom have ties to the Concerned Veterans group, are still in the administration and are likely to have increased sway in the department. But the ultimate decision about the structure of the department’s health care most likely resides on Capitol Hill, where lawmakers have been struggling for almost a year with the issue.

“I think that there was a miscalculation that if you could get rid of the secretary who is a moderate that things will fall in place, and I just don’t think that is going to happen,” Dr. Shulkin said.


David J. Shulkin testifying this month before the House Appropriations Committee.

Erin Schaff for The New York Times

Dan Caldwell, the executive director of Concerned Veterans for America, strenuously disputed Dr. Shulkin’s analysis and said the secretary was using privatization as a “straw man” to distract from his own ethical lapses.

“The president has said he supports full V.A. choice,” Mr. Caldwell said. “The president would not have selected Admiral Jackson if he did not believe he supports his full agenda.”

Mr. Caldwell was referring to a damning report released in February by the department’s inspector general that found “serious derelictions” related to a trip Dr. Shulkin took last year to Britain and Denmark. It concluded that he had spent much of the trip, which cost more than $122,000, sightseeing and that he had improperly accepted Wimbledon tickets as a gift.

Dr. Shulkin has continued to deny any wrongdoing, and on Thursday blamed his political opponents in the department for the investigation itself.

“This is 100 percent about the politics and this is the way that people fight their battles in Washington rather than having intellectually honest discussions,” he said.

The White House did not view it that way. Senior officials came to believe that Dr. Shulkin had misled them in the run-up to the report’s release. His public declarations of innocence only further aggravated top officials, who felt he had too openly aired internal politics with news outlets and had repeatedly opened the White House to criticism.

The exact circumstances surrounding Dr. Shulkin’s firing, and exactly how much the White House chief of staff, John F. Kelly, was aware of it, remained unclear.

One person with direct knowledge of the events said Dr. Shulkin had called Mr. Kelly around 10:30 a.m. Wednesday, asking if he were about to be fired. Mr. Kelly told that him he did not know, and that he would get back to him.

A White House official would not discuss the details of what took place, beyond saying that Mr. Kelly had called Dr. Shulkin to accept his resignation, and that the secretary gave it.

Dr. Shulkin declined to discuss the episode in detail, but said he did speak on the phone with Mr. Trump on Wednesday about the progress of various policy initiatives at the department and implied that his job status did not come up.

A few hours later, he was at home on the phone with his wife when she broke the news: the president had fired him in a tweet.

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