NHS at 70: How Moorfields Eye Hospital changed the world

Moorfields Eye Hospital

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Moorfields Eye Hospital became an NHS facility in 1948

In seven decades as an NHS institution, Moorfields Eye Hospital has been at the forefront of pioneering treatments. Today, cutting-edge research continues, new cures for blindness are discovered and hope is given to patients nationwide.

To mark the 70th anniversary of the birth of the NHS, the BBC has been given behind the scenes access to the London hospital that has transformed eye care and come up with solutions that have saved the sight of millions of patients.

The attack victim

One patient benefitting from Moorfields’ specialist care is James O’Brien. The 42-year-old is blind in one eye as a result of being attacked with a chemical substance when he was 18.

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Doctors say there will be a 75% chance or higher that Mr O’Brien’s eyesight will be restored

“I was walking home from the cinema one night when I was approached by a couple of teenagers. One of them tapped me on the shoulder and as I turned around he sprayed a liquid in my face”, he said.

“It felt like my face was on fire – my eyes, my nostrils, my mouth – everywhere where this liquid had gone. I thought I was going to die.”

Mr O’Brien was attacked with ammonia, which burnt the surface of his right eye – leaving him blind.

Twenty-four years after the attack, a solution to restore his sight has never been found – until now.

Surgeons at Moorfields will take a small biopsy from Mr O’Brien’s healthy eye and repopulate the damaged eye with a stem cell transplant.

The procedure has taken 20-years to develop and has recently been approved as a treatment on the NHS.

“It is this very idea of making treatment available for everyone that the NHS was founded upon – and what makes it so unique,” NHS doctor Oscar Duke says.

‘Healthcare for all’

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The NHS secured the financial future of the Moorfields Eye Hospital and brought with it a huge increase in the number of patients

The hospital was founded in 1899 but before 1948 Moorfields depended on charitable donations for its funding.

The NHS secured the financial future of the hospital and brought with it a huge increase in the number of patients.

By 1963, surgeons were divided into specialist units – making Moorfields the first specialist eye hospital in the world.

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The Queen visited Moorfields to mark its centenary in 1999

An eye bank was introduced in 1967. It procures, screens and stores donated eyes and eye tissue and has since become the largest in the UK.

Today, cataract surgery is the most common surgical procedure on the NHS, with 19,000 cataract operations taking place at Moorfields every year.

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BBC cameras visited the hospital in 1962 and saw a cataract operation being carried out

‘He’s got his life back’

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Max Tyler, 11, from Newport, south Wales, suddenly went blind last year

As the specialist cornea team at Moorfields began to grow, so did the success of transplants.

Max Tyler, 11, from Newport in south Wales, suddenly went blind last year.

Max travelled 150 miles to London to visit Moorfields where he was diagnosed with a rare form of keratoconus – a progressive eye disease in which the normally round cornea thins and begins to bulge into a cone-like shape.

He underwent a double corneal transplant in the hope it would restore his sight.

Following the successful surgery, Max said the transplant “changed his life” and it was amazing to be able to see again.

“It’s like he’s got his life back,” Max’s mum Kelly said.

“His confidence is back – I’ve got my son back really. They’ve cured him.”

A cure from fish?

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Vicky suffers from a severe congenital disease called Leber Congenital Amaurosis

One even younger patient still hoping for a cure is four-year-old Vicky, who suffers from a severe congenital disease called Leber Congenital Amaurosis, which is progressively taking away her sight.

“As a mother it’s really tough to see her struggling and knowing that it will only get worse,” Vicky’s mum Silvia said.

“Her retina cells are progressively dying – and there is no cure.”

However, studies using zebra fish at the Institute of Ophthalmology may provide a solution to correcting Vicky’s faulty gene.

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Studies using zebra fish at the Institute of Ophthalmology may provide a solution to correcting Vicky’s faulty gene

Dr Mariya Moosajee is one ophthalmologist hoping to help patients such as Vicky.

“Zebra fish are incredible little creatures. They share around 70% of their genes with humans so it means diseases that cause eye conditions in humans often cause the same conditions in the fish,” she said.

“So the fish can be used as a model to test drugs before being used on someone like Vicky.”

Drug treatments are currently being tested on a model of Vicky’s eyes grown from stem cells.

“We can actually study Vicky’s disease in a dish and develop treatments for her,” Dr Moosajee said.

“Vicky’s project is due to run for the next three years and I’m quite confident we will indentify a drug compound that should be able to help her and patients like her.”

How the NHS changed our world – Moorfields Eye Hospital will be aired on BBC One London at 19:00 on Wednesday 20 June.

Too many firsts risk universities' credibility, says think tank

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Universities risk losing their credibility due to “rocketing” grade inflation, a think tank has said.

According to Reform, the proportion of firsts awarded almost doubled between 1997-2009 and rose by 26% since 2010.

Their report calls for national tests to set degree grade benchmarks meaning only the top 10% of students could be awarded firsts.

Education Secretary Damian Hinds said universities needed to act to protect the value of degrees.

Under Reform’s proposals, universities would lose their ability to decide what their students should be awarded.

University leaders have argued a standardised approach would threaten their independence.

Grade inflation?

The centre-right think-tank Reform argues that more and more students are being awarded top grades.

Its report says:

  • Last year more than 40% of students at the University of Surrey graduated with a first class degree.
  • Since 1995 the proportion of 2:1 degrees rose from 40% to 49%
  • 75% of students achieve one of the top two classifications, compared with 47% in the mid-1990s
  • In more than 50 universities the proportion of first class degrees has doubled since 2010

Universities currently make their own decisions about grades and the report suggested pressure placed on academics by senior managers could partly explain why more top degrees are being awarded.

The report also said “degree algorithms” which translate the student’s marks into their final grade classification were to blame.

Under Reform’s proposals final-year students would sit new, national assessments set by a “designated assessment body”.

The results from the assessments would determine how many students should be awarded a particular grade.

The top 10% of students would receive a first, the next 40% a 2:1, and the 40% after that a 2:2. The bottom 10% would get a third.

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Report author Tom Richmond and former adviser to education secretary Michael Gove, said: “Rocketing degree grade inflation is in no one’s interest.

“Universities may think easier degrees are a way to attract students, but eventually they will lose currency and students will go elsewhere, even overseas.

“Restoring the currency of degrees would also mean better value for money for the £18 billion that universities receive each year in tuition fees,” he added.

Education Secretary Damian Hinds said: “Students across the country work hard for their results and they deserve grading system that recognises their hard work.

“That is why this government has put an end to grade inflation in GCSEs and A-levels, and why it is time for universities to do the same.”

Xbox steps back on VR plans

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Microsoft has stepped back from suggestions it will bring virtual reality games to its Xbox consoles.

When the company announced its newest console, in 2016, it said the device would be capable of delivering “high-fidelity virtual reality”.

But, now, it says it does not have any specific plans to bring VR to the Xbox.

Rival console-maker Sony has sold more than a million PlayStation VR headsets, but analysts suggest VR sales have generally been slow.

Microsoft now says it wants to focus its “mixed reality” efforts on the PC.

“We don’t have any plans specific to Xbox consoles in virtual reality or mixed reality,” Microsoft’s chief marketing officer for gaming, Mike Nichols, told news website gamesindustry.biz.

“Our perspective on it has been and continues to be that the PC is probably the best platform for more immersive VR and MR.”

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The Xbox One X was described as the world’s “most powerful console”

In 2016, Microsoft said its next console – then nicknamed Project Scorpio – would enable high-performance virtual reality experiences.

However, when the Xbox One X was revealed in 2017, there was no mention of virtual reality at the presentation.

“Microsoft’s original talk of Xbox One X support for VR was a response to the competitive challenge from Sony with its PSVR headset,” said Piers Harding-Rolls, an analyst at IHS Markit.

“Since then Microsoft has launched its broader Windows MR strategy, which is headset agnostic. Consumer adoption of VR has been ongoing but at a slow pace, especially across PC headsets, so the impetus to compete directly with Sony is less immediate.”

In 2017, Microsoft’s Phil Spencer told the BBC: “I don’t get many questions about console and mixed reality in the living room,” but said the option was still being considered.

On Thursday, Microsoft confirmed its stance in a statement, saying: “Because we believe the user experience will be best on PC right now, that is where our focus is.”

Great Exhibition of the North artists on 'freedom, cheap rent and community'

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Media caption50 paintings in 50 days for Great Exhibition of the North

The north of England has always been a place of big imaginations and ingenuity. That pedigree is being celebrated with The Great Exhibition of the North, an 80-day festival of art, design and innovation that is billed as “the country’s biggest event in 2018”.

It begins in Newcastle and Gateshead on Friday, and visitors can see objects like Robert Stephenson’s Rocket, John Lennon’s piano and Helen Sharman’s space suit.

As well as items that have shaped our past, there will be the chance to examine ideas and technologies that might shape our future, and the work of artists who are based in the north today.

Here, three artists talk about how the north feeds their work, and what it means to them.

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Media captionHave Londoners heard about the Great Exhibition of the North?
  • Great Exhibition of the North to launch
  • Live coverage on the BBC

Frances Disley

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Maria Malone performing Frances Disley artwork #Ballcourt

“There’s a lot of freedom,” Liverpool-based Disley says when asked why the north is a good place to make art.

She spent seven years in London, but a city like Liverpool doesn’t have the fixed pecking orders and expectations of the capital’s art establishment. What it does have is a go-ahead ethos, she says.

“Nobody turns their nose up if somebody says, ‘OK I’m sick of nothing happening – I’m going to set up a gallery and do something’ or ‘I’ve not been busy for a while – I’m going to put a show on’. Lots of DIY things can happen.”

Disley is showing two “activated” paintings (which come to life when a performer appears as part of the work) at the Baltic 39 gallery as part of the Great Exhibition of the North.

The cheaper cost of living in Liverpool, compared with London, gives artists more security and makes it easier to focus on their work. “You’re not having to work six jobs and it’s not exhausting,” she says.

Despite that, many graduates decide to move on to brighter lights – but there is “a really supportive community”.

“I think that feeds into the work because you’re not necessarily afraid of somebody being really critical, so there’s some room to make some awful things and play without being scrutinised 100%. That blank canvas is really useful.”

Harry Meadley

The north has “this weird dual state of feeling both superior and inferior”, according to Leeds-based Meadley.

“You have this sense that northerners do feel like we are ‘better than’, and we shouldn’t have to play into the rules as set by what’s perceived as a London-based establishment.

“But all that stuff no-one really cares about. It’s very internalised and does hold a lot of people back and in different ways had held me back at times, all of which is ultimately unhelpful.”

The 30-year-old lived in the capital for two years before moving back to Leeds and has decided that the art scene in the north is on an equal footing.

“What I had to do was see the north of England as a whole as an equivalent to London,” he says. “It’s an hour or two to get around from one part to another – it’s exactly the same.

“If you view the entire area of the north of England, it is an equivalent in terms of the number of institutions, the number of opportunities and the number of people doing things – it’s just slightly more stretched out.”

At Baltic 39, Meadley is showing a video work – a fly-on-the wall look at another project he’s doing, which is an attempt to exhibit Rochdale Council’s entire fine art collection.

The cheaper costs mean artists can be more experimental outside the capital, he says. “There’s no way I could be in the position I am now and working the way I am now in London,” he says. “If you fit into an easier commercial [art] model, then maybe it’s possible – but even then for most that’s not a reality.”

Becky Peach

Between two pawn shops on Gateshead High Street, in the window of a shop that was once home to Woolworths and Poundland, Becky Peach is putting the finishing touches to her contribution to The Great Exhibition of the North.

The shop has been taken over by The Newbridge Project, which was set up in 2010 to support and exhibit emerging artists, and Peach’s installation has taken inspiration from the local surroundings.

“I’m interested in little snippets of shapes of textures around the area that we may be not quite so aware of,” the 28-year-old says. “I tend to blow them up or distort them.”

So she has made wallpaper using double yellow lines from the streets outside, the “o” from the Woolworths logo, images of brickwork and Perspex and window frames, all twisted and reshaped.

“Part of it is to do with the fact we’ve become so immersed in technology you can really miss out on a lot of your surroundings,” she says.

Peach is based in Liverpool and is director of The Royal Standard, a studio and gallery complex in the city.

“It’s just got such a do it yourself attitude,” she says. “If things don’t exist there then people make them happen. And it’s a really affordable place to be working as an artist. My rent’s really cheap and I’ve been able to keep practising since uni for those reasons.”

What is the Great Exhibition of the North?

  • It’s lots of hands-on events, performances and exhibitions in venues and on the streets of Newcastle and Gateshead
  • Organisers hope it will be seen by three million people – including visitors and “virtual audiences”
  • It was dreamed up by former Chancellor George Osborne in 2014 as part of his Northern Powerhouse plans
  • It harks back to historic events like the 1851 Great Exhibition in London, which attracted six million people, and the 1929 North East Coast Exhibition
  • Mr Osborne pledged £20m – £5m for the festival itself and £15m for culture around the north of England
  • But artist Frank Styles, who’s spray-painted a huge mural for the event, said “artwashing” government policies were harming the region
  • There was also a controversy when artists threatened to pull out when they discovered it was sponsored by defence giant BAE Systems (BAE ended up pulling out instead)
  • It runs until 9 September

  • Under-fire sponsor quits Great Exhibition
  • Will north exhibition evoke earlier era?

Other Great Exhibition highlights

  • Friday’s opening event will feature poet Lemn Sissay, indie band Maximo Park and a giant fountain on the River Tyne
  • BBC 6 Music DJ Lauren Laverne will curate a series of concerts featuring northern musicians at Sage Gateshead
  • As well as Robert Stephenson’s actual Rocket, at the Discovery Museum on loan from the Science Museum, there will be a virtual reality experience recreating the early steam age
  • Artist Lubaina Himid, who won the Turner Prize in 2017, has an exhibition inspired by the colourful east African kanga fabric at the Baltic gallery
  • Opera North will take people on a musical journey along the banks of the River Tyne using songs and stories in Aeons
  • The Great North Museum will have artefacts and innovation from figures in the north’s history of creativity and innovation, ranging from John Lennon to Postman Pat
  • Three walking routes will link the galleries and museums – the Innovation Trail, the Art Trail and the Design Trail

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'Bank holiday if England reach World Cup final'

Emily Thornberry, who controversially mocked the England flag just after the last World Cup, has tried to make amends by proposing a bank holiday if England reach the final this time.

Labour’s shadow foreign secretary was sacked from a frontbench role by Ed Miliband for a 2014 tweet which appeared to sneer at St George’s flags draped on the home of a white van man.

Now she says the day after the World Cup final should be a Bank Holiday if England play in it, although she admits she is not a football fan and mistakenly thinks the tournament is held every five years.

Mr Thornberry’s attempts to win over football fans – and white van men – came in a speech to political journalists at Westminster at which her hosts had placed England flags in front of her and behind her.

In a further move to woo support from football fans during the World Cup, she also attacked the Royal Mail for banning postmen from flying England flags on their vans, urging bosses to reconsider.

LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - MAY 05: Shadow Foreign Secretary Emily Thornberry leaves Millbank Studios on May 5, 2017 in London, England. Following the local elections, the Conservative Party have gained control of seven councils overnight while Labour have lost ground, on a night of contrasting fortunes for parties in the local polls. (Photo by Carl Court/Getty Images)
Ms Thornberry said she was not a football fan

And, during her speech and Q&A, Ms Thornberry also accused Theresa May of making dishonest statements in a TV interview – and then was honest enough to admit that she had smoked cannabis “a long time ago”.

It was during a by-election in Rochester and Strood in 2014, after Tory MP Mark Reckless defected to UKIP, that Ms Thornberry tweeted a photo of a house with three England flags and a white van parked outside.

Fearing a backlash from working class voters, an embarrassed Mr Miliband immediately fired the barrister MP from her post as shadow attorney general and insisted Labour had respect for “white van man”.

Now, apparently full of remorse, Ms Thornberry told her Westminster audience: “This is one of the things about the World Cup, that we do get lots of flags out and I think there is nothing wrong with that.

“Actually in Islington we have the additional thing of not only lots of England flags but lots of other flags as well, because we have a community that has flags of all different sorts.”

Royal Mail offices will have flags on display
Ms Thornberry attacked Royal Mail for banning England flags on their vans

Then she said: “I can’t pretend that I have the greatest interest in football, and I suspect that there’s quite a lot of people like that.

“But I tell you how you could get more interest in football.

“What about if the government were to suggest, for example, that if one of the nations of the United Kingdom were to get into the finals … the next day will be a bank holiday?

“Why don’t we do that every five years (sic) and that would help to get everybody behind whichever team it was?”

Labour is already proposing four new UK bank holidays, on St David’s Day (1 March), St Patrick’s Day (17 March), St George’s Day (23 April) and St Andrew’s Day (30 November). So Ms Thornberry is proposing a fifth new public holiday.

The recreational use of cannabis is illegal in most countries
Ms Thornberry admitted smoking cannabis ‘a long time ago’

Attacking dishonesty in politics, she criticised those Labour MPs, such as pro-Remain campaigner Chuka Umunna, who have rebelled against Jeremy Corbyn on Brexit, accusing them of wanting to overturn the EU referendum result.

“I’m not saying that everyone who was arguing in favour of the EEA [European Economic Area] were people who actually just want to stay in the European Union, because I think some people genuinely feel that the government are doing such a bad job in the negotiations that they need to have a safe port,” she said.

“But I think there were other people who were voting for it because it was a cover because actually what they want is to remain and there was a little bit of wrecking.

“I want to remain in the European Union, but I’m going to do as I’m told and I’m going to do everything that I can to make sure we get as good a deal as possible.

“But there are others who want to remain in the European Union and who are sometimes allowing themselves to indulge in things that are not realistic and who know that they’re not and that’s what’s dishonest.”

And accusing Mrs May of dishonesty, Ms Thornberry said: “Just look at the prime minister who, in the space of one interview last Sunday, claimed that she would fund a £20bn boost on NHS spending primarily through the ‘Brexit dividend’.

“She claimed that the Brexit transitional period would definitely finish at the end of 2020. She claimed that she had not misled Dominic Grieve and Anna Soubry on the ‘meaningful vote’ amendment.

“And after all that she had the sheer chutzpah to say – and I quote – that she is a woman of her word.”

More from Emily Thornberry

And so, when she was asked if she had smoked cannabis, she said: “Yes I have but it was a long time ago and I think the nature of cannabis has changed quite a lot.

“It was something that I thought should be legalised but, as an MP, it’s a good example of how you can be educated by your constituents.”

Hammond: 'Treasury and I are not enemy of Brexit'

Philip Hammond has angrily denied that he and the Treasury are “the enemy of Brexit”, while pouring scorn on claims that a £20bn boost for the NHS will be funded by a “Brexit dividend”.

In his Mansion House speech in the City of London, the chancellor said the proposed NHS cash injection would only be “partly funded” by reduced contributions to Brussels and that taxes would have to go up.

And in remarks that will further anger pro-Brexit Cabinet rivals, Mr Hammond vowed that the Treasury would be a “champion of prosperity” after Britain leaves Europe by protecting trade, maintaining open markets and co-operating on regulation.

Mr Hammond’s defence of his Brexit strategy will be seen as a direct counter-attack against Boris Johnson, who claimed in a leaked speech two weeks ago that the Treasury was “basically the heart of Remain”.

Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson in Poland
Boris Johnson said the Treasury was ‘basically the heart of Remain’

But the chancellor told his City of London audience: “Of course, the immediate key to maintaining Britain’s leadership in innovation and strengthening London’s position as the world’s leading international financial services centre is ensuring we get a good Brexit deal and that we protect markets from uncertainty during the transition.

“Our clear long-term goal is to secure an enduring partnership that reflects the four and a half decades that the UK has been a member of the EU.

“That recognises that our European neighbours are our most important trading partners and that Dover to Calais is the busiest trading corridor in Europe, that our peoples are connected by centuries of shared history and culture.

“And that the security of our entire continent depends on our shared commitment to defending it – through our collaboration every day on intelligence, counter-terrorism, and defence.

“So as we leave the EU we need to forge a new relationship with our European neighbours that protects those patterns of trade, those business relationships that have been painstakingly built over decades, that maintains low friction borders and open markets.

“That does not make the Treasury, on my watch, “the enemy of Brexit”, rather, it makes it the champion of prosperity for the British people outside the EU, but working and trading closely with it.

“And part of that successful future partnership must be a mechanism that enables UK EU financial services trade to continue, delivering the benefits of open markets and deep regulatory co-operation.”

Mr Hammond added: “The UK will continue after Brexit to lead and influence international thinking on the regulation of financial services – and we will do so as the hosts of a global financial centre.

“But we will all be stronger and have more influence in shaping the global debate, if we and our EU neighbours remain closely connected.

It is Mr Hammond’s reference to “open markets and deep regulatory co-operation” that will most antagonise Brexiteers like Mr Johnson, Michael Gove and Jacob Rees-Mogg, who will claim he is attempting to keep the UK in a customs union with access to the EU’s single market.

In his leaked speech on June 6, Mr Johnson warned of keeping the UK “locked in orbit around the EU, in the customs union and to a large extent still in the single market, so not really having full freedom on our trade policy, our tariff schedules, and not having freedom with our regulatory framework either”.

And the foreign secretary claimed that outcome was being pushed particularly by the Treasury and would mean the UK had left the European Union without taking back control over its own affairs.

There will be tax rises to pay for extra NHS funding, the chancellor said

On the extra cash for the NHS, Mr Hammond conspicuously failed to use the phrase “Brexit dividend” used by Theresa May and confirmed the extra NHS cash would not be funded by more Government borrowing but by tax rises likely to hit the better off.

“This week, the PM announced a five-year NHS funding package that will boost spending on health by over £20bn a year in real terms in England alone, partly funded by lower contributions due to Brussels,” said the chancellor.

“Making the NHS our number one priority in the forthcoming spending review. But, she also confirmed we will stick to our fiscal rules and will continue to reduce debt.

“So, as the prime minister said, taxpayers will have to contribute a bit more, in a fair and balanced way, to support the NHS we all use, while delivering on our fiscal commitments.”

Yet in a TV interview on Sunday, Mrs May said, referring to Vote Leave’s controversial red bus: “Some people may remember seeing a figure on the side of a bus a while back of £350m a week in cash.

“Well, I can tell you what I am announcing will mean that in 2023-24, there will be about £600m a week in cash, more in cash, going into the NHS.”

She added: “Now, of course we’ve got to fund that, that money. That will be through the Brexit dividend, the fact that we’re no longer sending vast amounts of money every year to the EU once we leave the EU. And we as a country will be contributing a bit more.”

Police hunt UK football fans who did Nazi salute

UK police are working to identify men caught on video giving Nazi salutes in a Russian bar during the World Cup.

A video showing at least two men performing Nazi salutes in reference to Premier League club Tottenham’s Jewish heritage has circulated online.

The clip also reportedly shows England fans singing an anti-Semitic song in a bar in Volgograd.

The Football Association has condemned the actions in the video and now detectives are looking to identify two of those involved.

The event took place in a southern Russian city which was the venue of England’s 2-1 win over Tunisia on Monday.

Volgograd was formerly known as Stalingrad, where one of the bloodiest battles in history occurred when Soviet soldiers pushed back Hitler’s army during the Second World War.

Detective Superintendent Caroline Marsh, UK police investigations lead for the World Cup, said: “The abhorrent behaviour seen in this video is completely unacceptable and it will not be tolerated.

“Our investigation team in the UK is already making swift inquiries to identify those involved and will seek to take all appropriate action against them.”

Sky News understands that although the UK police have no powers in Russia, they are thought to be working with the Russian police and could pass on any relevant information to them.

The UK police will also be checking to see if any action will need to be taken upon the men’s return to Britain.

This could be, for example, if any of the men are in breach of a banning order which prevents them from flying overseas for games.

On Wednesday, a spokesman for the FA said: “We strongly condemn the actions of the people in this video.

“We are working with the relevant authorities, including the UK police investigations team, who are making inquiries to identify the individuals involved and take appropriate action.

“The disgraceful conduct of the individuals in this video does not represent the values of the majority of English football fans supporting the team in Russia.”

Roseanne show to return…without Roseanne

US television network ABC says it has ordered a spin-off of its Roseanne series – but without the star.

Roseanne Barr, a 65-year-old supporter of US president Donald Trump, was dropped earlier this month after a racist rant.

The new show – The Conners – will debut with 10 episodes in the autumn and features many actors from the Roseanne show, including John Goodman, Laurie Metcalf and Sara Gilbert.

In a joint statement, cast members said: “We have received a tremendous amount of support from fans of our show, and it’s clear that these characters not only have a place in our hearts, but in the hearts and homes of our audience.

“We all came back last season because we wanted to tell stories about the challenges facing a working-class family today.

“We are so happy to have the opportunity to return with the cast and crew to continue to share those stories through love and laughter.”

Barr will not be involved in the show, something she agreed to in order to save the jobs of the 200 cast and crew members, according to the show’s producer.

Roseanne, which returned to the screen after a 21-year break, had been the most-watched series on a major US network this year before it was suddenly cancelled.

That move came after Barr used Twitter to liken Valerie Jarrett, a former White House aide who is African American, to a product of the Muslim Brotherhood and “Planet of the Apes”.

Despite her apology, ABC cancelled her show, saying that her tweet had been “abhorrent” and “inconsistent with our values”.

The Papers: Fears and confidence over Brexit

Times front page - 22/06/18

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The UK’s post-Brexit future provides a focus for Friday’s front pages – with the Times reporting that Airbus is on the brink of pulling British investment after losing patience with Theresa May’s negotiations with the EU. The paper says the firm has worries that EU safety certifications will not apply after March, and over uncertainty about customs checks.

Daily Telegraph front page - 22/06/18

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The Daily Telegraph reports comments from the US ambassador that the UK needs to shed its “defeatist attitude” to leaving the EU. Woody Johnson also told a Channel 4 documentary he was “very confident” about Britain’s future after Brexit, the paper says.

Metro front page - 22/06/18

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Metro leads on the government announcement on its application scheme for EU citizens who want to stay in the UK after Brexit. “£65 (and three questions) for EU to live here”, reads the headline.

Daily Mail front page - 22/06/18

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The Daily Mail also reports the details on the granting of “settled status” to EU citizens. It chooses to highlight the estimate that 3.8m EU nationals will be allowed to live in the UK and says it is possible “violent criminals” will not be excluded by the application process.

Daily Express front page - 22/06/18

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The Daily Express says confidence about Brexit – as well as optimism sparked by the World Cup and scorching weather – could see the UK economy boosted by £90bn this summer.

Guardian front page - 22/06/18

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The Guardian leads on the resignation of international trade minister Greg Hands over the proposed expansion of Heathrow Airport. The paper says the announcement increased the pressure on Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson, who has also criticised the plans.

i front page - 22/06/18

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The i leads on the revelation that the House of Commons has spent more than £2.4m on non-disclosure agreements with employees over the last five years. Some of the 53 “gagging orders” could have been used to silence staff from revealing complaints against MPs, it says.

Daily Mirror front page - 22/06/18

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The Daily Mirror leads on the fallout from the report into the deaths of more than 450 patients at Gosport War Memorial Hospital between 1989 and 2000 – and claims that a former nurse had tried to warn people were being prescribed painkillers unnecessarily.

Daily Star front page - 22/06/18

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The death of former Love Island contestant Sophie Gradon is the main story in the Daily Star. It reports claims the 32-year-old had been the victim of online trolls.

Financial Times front page - 22/06/18

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The FT leads on speculation the Bank of England is to increase interest rates in August. Sterling strengthened after it was revealed the bank’s chief economist voted for a quarter-point hike this week, a sign opinion on the rate-setting panel was changing, reports the paper.

The Times leads with a threat from Airbus to pull investment from Britain if no deal is reached with the EU.

The paper puts the move down to the fact that the manufacturer has lost patience with Theresa May’s stalled Brexit negotiations. It quotes the company’s chief operating officer, Tom Williams, saying that in the absence of any clarity it has to assume the worst-case scenario.

The Times considers the threat from Airbus to be the most significant intervention on Brexit by a large company since the referendum two years ago.

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Hardened criminals may be allowed to stay in “Brexit Britain” is the Sun’s take on the home secretary’s announcement about the future of EU nationals.

The Daily Mail leads on the story – saying nearly four million EU migrants will be allowed to live permanently in Britain after Brexit and bring their families with them.

It adds that international criminal record checks will not be routinely carried out, meaning violent criminals could earn the right to live in the UK.

But the Financial Times talks to an immigration lawyer who commends the announcement for marking a real shift away from the “hostile environment” approach.

‘Super confident’

“Drop the defeatism on Brexit”. That’s the advice from the US ambassador to the UK, according to the lead story in the Daily Telegraph.

It says Woody Johnson doesn’t think that Brexit will present a “major challenge”, and questions why the UK is “so nervous” about the prospect of leaving the European Union.

The Daily Mail, which also has the story, says Mr Johnson adds that he’s “super confident” about the special relationship between Britain and the US – and very confident about what will happen after Brexit.

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According to the Bloomberg website, the powers of the Bank of England are being overhauled as it adapts to unprecedented changes in the global economy.

It explains that under a new framework the Treasury will pump £1.2bn into the BoE, which in turn will take on greater responsibility for keeping the economy on an even keel.

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The new arrangement has been described by BoE Governor Mark Carney as “ground-breaking”.

The Guardian reports that the bank will be able to provide more than £500bn in lending to the economy without seeking the permission of the Treasury.

According to the Independent, Donald Trump is set to make a second visit to Britain straight after Brexit and this time with the pomp and ceremony of a full state visit.

It says while a state visit was thought to have been shelved indefinitely, US and British diplomats have been recorded making plans for the trip.

Liberal Democrat leader Sir Vince Cable, says: “It’s ridiculous that the British government should act in this obsequious way to a man who wants to wreck the open trading system on which the UK depends”.

Bulldozer pledge

For its lead story, the Guardian reports that Theresa May is seeking to contain a “fresh crisis” after the resignation of her international trade minister in protest at plans to expand Heathrow Airport.

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And the Times is among the papers to point out that Greg Hands’ decision to go puts Boris Johnson in the spotlight as another critic of the plans.

The Sun says that Mr Johnson – who once said he would lie down in front of the bulldozers to stop a third runway – has been accused of running scared after saying he will be out of the country for the vote.

‘Taxi for Messi’

The Guardian reflects on Sir Simon Rattle’s emotional farewell as chief conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic.

The orchestra gave its all, says the paper, with the silkiest of violins, the most crunching of basses and wind soloists to die for.

At the end, Sir Simon received the kind of loud, cheering standing ovation, complete with bouquets of flowers from admirers, that used to be reserved for opera divas.

“What a Messi”, “Taxi for Messi” and “Messi Misery” are just some of the back page headlines after Croatia defeated Argentina 3-0 in the World Cup.

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When the brutal indignity of it all had ended, says the Daily Mail, Argentina’s star striker, Lionel Messi, was the first off the pitch, walking with his head down after what the paper describes as a display of tactical and technical ineptitude from his team.

Airbus warns no-deal Brexit could see it leave UK

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AFP Contributor/Getty Images

Airbus has warned it could leave the UK if the country exits the European Union single market and customs union without a transition deal.

The European planemaker said the warning was not part of “project fear, but its “dawning reality”.

Airbus employs about 14,000 people at 25 different sites in the UK.

Last week, the outgoing president of the CBI said sections of UK industry faced extinction unless the UK stayed in the EU customs union.

It brings together the EU’s 28 members in a duty-free area, with a common import tariff for non-EU goods.

Prime Minister Theresa May has ruled out staying in the customs union. The UK is due to leave the EU on Friday, 29 March, 2019.

In its Brexit “risk assessment” published on Thursday, Airbus said if the UK left the EU next year without a deal – meaning it left both the single market and customs union immediately and without any agreed transition – it would “lead to severe disruption and interruption of UK production”.

“This scenario would force Airbus to reconsider its investments in the UK, and its long-term footprint in the country,” it added.

The company, which makes wings for its passenger planes in the UK, also said the current planned transition period which is due to end in December 2020 was too short for it to make changes to its supply chain.

As a result it would “refrain from extending” its UK supplier base. It said it currently had more than 4,000 suppliers in the UK.

Tom Williams, chief operating officer of Airbus Commercial Aircraft, said in “any scenario” Brexit had “severe negative consequences” for the UK aerospace industry and Airbus in particular.

Further, without a deal he said Airbus believed the impacts on its UK operations could be “significant”.

“We have sought to highlight our concerns over the past 12 months, without success. Far from Project Fear, this is a dawning reality for Airbus,” he said.

“Put simply, a no-deal scenario directly threatens Airbus’ future in the UK.”

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The company has about 14,000 employees at 25 different UK sites

Conservative MP Stephen Crabb said the warning from Airbus should be a “wake-up call”.

Mr Crabb tweeted: “The enormous Airbus factory in North Wales is one of the jewels in the crown of UK manufacturing. This is a wake-up call. A pragmatic, sensible Brexit that protects trade & jobs is vital.”

And shadow Brexit secretary Sir Keir Starmer tweeted: “If proof was needed that the PM’s Brexit red lines need to be abandoned (and fast), this is it.”

‘Zero evidence’

The warnings from Airbus echo comments made on Wednesday by the boss of Siemens in the UK.

Jürgen Maier said the UK should should remain in the customs union after Brexit unless there was a “proper alternative”.

Last week, Paul Drechsler, the outgoing president of the CBI, said some parts of industry in the UK faced extinction if the country left the EU customs union.

Paul Drechsler said car firm bosses had come to him saying the industry would suffer unless there was “real frictionless trade”.

Mr Drechsler also said there was “zero evidence” that trade deals outside the EU would provide any economic benefit to Britain.